virtually First solo-exhibit for Privat-Livemont after 100 years, and but, his work is extremely refreshing! will lid the most recent and most present data all however the world. acquire entry to slowly in consequence you comprehend capably and appropriately. will development your data expertly and reliably

Following the big success* of his solo exhibition on the lithographic work of Alphonse Mucha, the Netherlands Lithography Museum is at present presenting one other solo exhibition: Privat-Livemont, Grasp of Belgian Artwork Nouveau. Oddly sufficient, everybody is aware of Alphonse Mucha, however Privat-Livemont stays a reasonably unknown artist. So who was Henri Privat-Livemont?

* In the course of the corona pandemic, the Dutch Lithography Museum was closed for 4 months and but managed to draw greater than 10,000 guests to the Mucha exhibition.

The undisputed grasp of Belgian poster artists

In 1898, a recent critic wrote about Privat-Livemont within the prestigious English journal The Poster: “Privat-Livemont, now the undisputed grasp of Belgian poster artists… his works show not solely glorious drawings and exuberant magnificence in design, but in addition superb composition and beautiful shade concord; he has gained many imitators in Belgium. It has been advised that Privat-Livemont was an imitator of Mucha. A legend so absurd that we clearly deny it. Livemont is an artist at all times searching for unique concepts, a lover of his personal artwork, and so positive of his personal powers that he can depend on himself for inspiration.

Henri Privat-Livemont (1861-1936)

Privat-Livemont was born in Schaerbeek, a northeastern suburb of Brussels. In 1873 (on the age of solely 12) he entered the École des Arts Decoratifs, the varsity of ornamental arts. After finishing his training in 1883, he moved to Paris on a state scholarship. Livemont stayed in Paris for six years, learning ornamental portray. However he additionally experimented with portraiture and panorama, usually exhibiting his work on the Salons. When the state ended his scholarship in 1889, Privat-Livemont returned to Schaerbeek. He had simply married Madeleine ‘Madelon’ Brown. Her son Franz was born in Belgium in 1891. Madelon usually modeled for her husband and we are able to assume that she seems in a lot of his works. Nevertheless, after 1904, when his marriage turned bitter, Privat-Livemont started utilizing different fashions. Henri and Madelon divorced in 1908.

1893 Privat-Livemont Lisant Girl (Madelon Brown)

Poster artist by probability

Whereas Brussels had turn out to be the seething epicenter of Artwork Nouveau, Schaarbeek may very well be thought of its ‘Monmartre’. Nationwide and worldwide artists (painters, sculptors and designers) in addition to writers mingled in artwork galleries, salons, cabarets, eating places, cafes and artwork circles. And after 1880, these literary and inventive circles turned a bastion of the avant-garde. Resulting from financial development and the necessity for publicity, tutorial artists who aspired to a very new artwork, noticed the potential of poster artwork.

In these days, the rich bourgeoisie primarily commissioned Privat-Livemont to embellish their homes. However he additionally painted portraits and nonetheless lifes (of flowers). In 1890, nevertheless, he tried one thing new: he entered a contest known as by the Schaerbeek Artwork Circle to design a poster for its first annual exhibition. And his submission was the successful design! Privat-Livemont had turn out to be a poster artist by probability.

Though that first poster nonetheless didn’t present any Artwork Nouveau traits, Privat-Livemont already gave us a glimpse of what would turn out to be its ‘monumental girl’. She was elegant, mysterious and swish. She usually had naked arms and manicured palms, a fragile face and charming mouth, heavy eyelids and accented lashes. This monumental, sensual however unattainable girl would turn out to be her ‘trademark’.

Privat-Livemont v. Mucha

In case you are not already aware of the ladies Privat-Livemont drew, you might confuse them with Mucha’s girls. However they’re truly fairly completely different. Steendrukmuseum curator Lisette Almering-Strik has sorted out the attribute variations for us. So right here it’s. You may by no means mistake one of many Privat-Livemont women for one in all Mucha’s women once more!

PRIVAT-LIVEMONT A LOT
naturalistic mature girls Static and distant dreamy younger girls
in the course of an act trying into the space
3/4 face or profile Frontal
vibrant vibrant colours Pastel colours
Double contour strains A heavy darkish contour line
modest halo Fantastically detailed halo
belgian girls Byzantine / Slavic / Hebrew girls…

Ornamental Arts versus Nice Arts

Not like Mucha, who clearly valued the Nice Arts over the Ornamental Arts and devoted the final 20 years of his life to portray his Slavic Epic, Privat-Livemont remained an ornamental artist at coronary heart. Mucha at all times aspired to turn out to be a superb artwork painter. Simply because he could not make ends meet, he labored for printers illustrating magazines and drawing billboards, and so forth. However Privat-Livemont studied ornamental arts. And he at all times labored as an ornamental artist. Over time I’ve come throughout a lot of his works. And due to this exhibition on his lithographic poster artwork, I used to be reminded of all these different superb artistic endeavors that he created.

In 1891, Privat-Livemont turned a trainer on the Josephat Faculty of Drawing and Crafts, educating ‘Decoration, Determine and Decorative Composition’. Fellow lecturers at this faculty had been the well-known artists Adolphe Crespin (1859-1944) educating ‘Elementary Graphic Expertise and Ornament’, Paul Hankar (1859-1901) educating ‘Structure’ and Paul Saintenoy (1862-1952) educating ‘Structure- and Historical past of artwork’. In 1903, the architect Henri Jacobs designed a brand new constructing for the varsity, henceforth to be known as the École Industrielle. Collectively, the lecturers adorned the varsity to encourage their college students and instill in them a way of magnificence. Is not {that a} great thought?

In the course of the BANAD (Brussels Artwork Nouveau & Artwork Deco) competition in 2019, I had the pleasure of taking a tour of this faculty. I keep in mind being completely in awe when the entire faculty was adorned. Privat-Livemont designed the sgraffito each inside and outside and it is a feast for the eyes! (Notice to self: publish a weblog about this faculty.)

Along with the sgraffito, Privat-Livemont additionally created stunning tile panels. One spectacular instance that instantly involves thoughts is the gathering of tile panels she designed for the Grande Maison de Blanc in Brussels, a division retailer that sells textiles and associated merchandise. Two tile panels signify the allegories of Commerce and Business; the opposite panels reveal beautiful women surrounded by flowers as they admire embroidery, stockings, lingerie, lace, corsets, and so forth. These exceptional ceramic tile panels had been executed in 1897 by the Boch pottery in La Louvière and may nonetheless be admired by strolling by way of the Kiekenmarkt 32 Today.

Stained glass design for Privat-Livemont, executed by Evaldre. © SvenDK CC BY-SA 3.0

One other one in all Privat-Livemont’s spectacular designs, one which many individuals could have seen with out understanding who created it, is that this stained glass window within the Hôtel Saintenoy. The window was made by the well-known French glass artist Raphaël Évaldre (1862-1938). In the identical 12 months that he designed this window (1897), Privat-Livemont created a lithograph displaying an identical mermaid within the waves. His mermaids within the waves appear to be a tribute to Katsushika Hokusai’s woodcut, The Wave of Kanagawa. Japanese woodblock prints had been featured in Brussels on the Les XX and La Libre Esthétique exhibitions, began by the Paris artwork seller Siegfried Bing. Japanese woodblock prints turned a craze in Brussels and Privat-Livemont can also be identified to have collected them.

First solo exhibition in 100 years within the Netherlands

In 1904, Privat-Livemont had his first solo exhibition within the Netherlands. A minimum of 212 of his works had been introduced on the Museum of Arts and Crafts in Haarlem. In 1906, he had one other solo exhibition, this time in Rotterdam. Privat-Livemont had gained recognition within the Netherlands with promoting billboards for Cacao. The primary Dutch lithograph of him was for Van Houten Cacao in 1897. The poster was supposed for the Belgian market and commissioning a widely known Belgian artist was a sensible transfer for Van Houten. Not lengthy after that, Privat-Livemont acquired orders from different Dutch cocoa producers. He additionally designed scrumptious posters for Helm Cacao (1899) and Cacao A. Driessen (1900).

Along with Cacao, Privat-Livemont made many extra billboards for the Dutch market. For JC Boldoot parfum (1899), Bols genever (1900) and Rajah espresso (1899), for instance… And I like these heat reds and greens you used. No?

However the Dutch Lithography Museum has far more to supply. Regardless of the recognition of his work, the Privat-Livemont assortment fell aside shortly after his dying. And the lithography museum has performed its finest to gather works from a lot of non-public collections. Work that includes lithographs, oil work and drawings. Together with billboards, superb artwork, postcards, political statements, cartoons, magazines, catalogs, cookie tins, and so forth. In case you ever wished to study extra about Privat-Livemont, to see how versatile it was, that is your probability!

So in case you’re (like me) slightly bored by all of the Mucha exhibitions which might be quickly multiplying around the globe, you will take pleasure in feasting your eyes on this refreshing retrospective exhibition of Privat-Livemont’s lithographic work on the Netherlands Museum of Lithography. The present is operating till the top of July 2022.

Privat-Livemont La Réforme, November 21, the anarchist masks (1897)

February 15 – July 31, 2022, Privat-Livemont, Grasp of Belgian Artwork Nouveau
Nederlands Steendrukmuseum Valkenswaard


The museum prints an exquisite catalog for every of its exhibitions and there may be additionally an entire catalog about this exhibition (in Dutch) out there on their webshop, for simply €7.50 (plus postage).

The catalog is written by curator Lisette Almering. It’s a full shade hardcover with 88 pages, which incorporates all of the works within the exhibition.

Check out the catalogs of their net retailer right here.


Maintain studying:
Yr 1900 – De Zeemeermin van Henri Privat-Livemont
Anno1900 – Tons vs. Privat-Livemont
De vrouw als monks op puntgave affiches at Steendrukmuseum
Ideale uitstap voor kunstliefhebbers: Steendrukmuseum toant werk van Belgische meester
L’École industrielle de Schaerbeek: un enseignement alliant Science et Artwork
Privat-Livemont, meester van de Belgische Artwork Nouveau izi.Journey Audio information
The Poster – Journal’s Digitized On-line Database
Digital Tour Alphonse Mucha Exhibition Dutch Lithography Museum

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