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GitLab is without doubt one of the main CI/CD and supply management options for contemporary software program supply groups. It offers a complete set of options to plan, construct, and ship your software program initiatives.
Usually, GitLab interacts with using its internet UI or API. Neither of those choices is especially interesting to endpoint-centric builders. Thankfully, GitLab additionally has a CLI that gives direct entry to your points, merge requests, pipelines, and different sources, alongside together with your code and different shell instructions. This text will present you the fundamentals.
glab Clement Sam began GitLab CLI as a community-led undertaking. It has since been adopted by GitLab and acquired its first official GitLab-led launch in December 2022. Going ahead, GitLab and the broader neighborhood will proceed to keep up it as an open supply software.
Glab presently helps interactions with the next GitLab options:
- merge requests
You may retrieve current information out of your GitLab account, create new gadgets, and carry out actions resembling checking the standing of a pipeline and approving a merge request. It’s doable to authenticate to a number of GitLab cases concurrently, together with GitLab.com and its self-hosted servers.
First steps with Glab
Earlier than you begin utilizing Glab, create a private entry token to your GitLab account that features the
write_repository Scopes Glab will use this token to carry out actions in your behalf.
Click on your profile icon on the high proper of the GitLab UI, then select “Entry Tokens” from the menu on the left. Give your token a reputation and choose the
write_repository scopes of the listing. Scroll down the web page and click on the “Create Private Entry Token” button. The token worth can be displayed; write it down now, as you will not have the ability to retrieve it sooner or later.
Subsequent you might want to set up Glab. You may obtain prebuilt binaries for Home windows, macOS, and Linux techniques from the undertaking’s GitLab releases web page. Glab can be distributed for a number of common package deal managers on all supported working techniques.
As soon as Glab is put in, you’ll be able to authenticate to your GitLab occasion by working the
auth login area. It will launch a sequence of interactive prompts that can help you select between GitLab.com or a self-hosted occasion. After offering the occasion particulars, you’ll enter the non-public entry token you created earlier.
You’ll then be requested to verify the default protocol to make use of for Git operations. You may normally settle for the worth that’s robotically chosen. SSH is most popular, however some environments might require Git over HTTPS. The subsequent message asks if Glab ought to authenticate Git operations utilizing the identical private entry token that you just supplied earlier. That is normally the specified conduct.
Lastly, in case you are utilizing a self-hosted GitLab occasion, you’ll be prompted to decide on between the HTTP and HTTPS protocols to entry the GitLab API. Select HTTPS until you understand that your occasion solely helps HTTP.
On the finish of the sequence, it’s best to obtain a “Logged in” success message.
Register to a different GitLab occasion
You may log in to a different GitLab occasion by repeating the
auth login area. Rush
auth standing will output an inventory of all of the endpoints you’ve got configured.
Glab is designed to be run out of your undertaking’s working listing. Begin by
cd-ing on a listing that accommodates a Git repository. Glab instructions will now robotically choose the proper GitLab occasion and auth token, based mostly on the undertaking’s default Git distant.
This mannequin permits steady use of initiatives from a number of GitLab cases. You may run
glab instructions as you’re employed, just by getting into a undertaking listing. Nevertheless, it’s doable to make use of Glab exterior of a undertaking, by setting the
GITLAB_HOST) surroundings variables in your shell, then specifying the
--repo mark together with your instructions to determine the goal undertaking (in
OWNER/REPO Format). This lets you use Glab conveniently inside automated scripts, for instance.
Listing the issues in your undertaking with the
points listing area:
$ glab points listing Displaying 3 open points in ilmiont/ardeidae that match your search (Web page 1) #376 ilmiont/ardeidae#376 Console Enter enable accessing full commonplace enter string about 1 month in the past #374 ilmiont/ardeidae#374 Foundation help development through compound typehints about 11 months in the past #373 ilmiont/ardeidae#373 v3.1.0 unit assessments about 11 months in the past
--page flag to modify to the subsequent pages within the consequence set. 20 gadgets are displayed per web page by default; this may be modified with the
Varied filter flags are supported. The next command will get all closed points tagged P1, that are on the v3.1.0 milestone and have been assigned to it:
$ glab challenge listing --mine --milestone v3.1.0 --label P1 --closed
glab challenge listing --help for all supported flags.
Get detailed details about a particular drawback with
$ glab points view 376 open • opened by ilmiont about 1 month in the past Console Enter enable accessing full commonplace enter string #376 php://enter 0 upvotes • 0 downvotes • 0 feedback Milestone: v3.1.0
To get suggestions for a problem, add the
--comments command flag. Feedback can be paginated, just like the
challenge listing area.
You may open the net UI web page for an issue in your default browser:
$ glab challenge view 376 --web
Notes (feedback) could be created in opposition to issues with the
observe area. The
-m markdown specifies the Markdown textual content for the observe:
$ glab challenge observe 376 -m "That is not related"
Shut and reopen issues with the
reopen instructions respectively:
$ glab challenge shut 376 $ glab challenge reopen 376
To create a brand new drawback, run the
create command and move the suitable flags:
$ glab challenge create --title "New Subject" --description "Demo challenge" --milestone "v3.1.0"
You’ll be prompted to verify the creation of the difficulty. You may bypass this by setting the
--yes flag. Many extra flags are supported to outline all of the properties of the issue. attempt to run
glab challenge create --help to discover the choices.
The essential merge request interactions are just like the issues. Use the
view Instructions to retrieve particulars of current merge requests. The
merge the instructions apply these respective actions to the MR:
$ glab mr merge 100
The merge request instructions settle for an ID or supply department as an argument. You may merge the MR to
demo-branch in your foremost department utilizing the next command:
$ glab mr merge demo-branch
You may view the adjustments contained in an MR with the
$ glab mr diff 100
The coloured diff output can be displayed in your terminal in Git format.
It’s also doable to checkout regionally and change to the supply department of a merge request, with out manually working the Git instructions:
$ glab mr checkout 100
View the pipeline outcomes to your undertaking by working
$ glab ci listing Displaying 3 pipelines on ilmiont/ardeidae (Web page 1) (success) • #734 3.1.0-rc42 (about 9 days in the past) (success) • #733 grasp (about 9 days in the past) (success) • #732 Dbal-store-allow-upsert (about 9 days in the past)
view The command offers entry to the job outcomes for the newest pipeline on the default department or on a particular department. A brand new terminal display screen will show the phases within the pipeline:
$ glab ci view $ glab ci view -b demo-branch
To set off a brand new pipeline run, run the
glab run area:
$ glab ci run
You may specify the department to get the pipeline from:
$ glab ci run -b demo-branch
It’s also doable to set CI variables for execution:
$ glab ci run --variables demo-var:demo-val,another-var:another-val
You may entry the logs of a job by working the
ci hint command and utilizing the interactive immediate to pick out the goal job. Artifacts are additionally out there: the
ci artifact The command downloads the artifacts from the newest pipeline, both for the default department or for a specified one recognized by the
Lastly, Glab features a built-in linter for the
.gitlab-ci.yml file in your working listing. This lets you conveniently examine the validity of your pipeline, with out copying and pasting the file into the GitLab internet UI.
$ glab ci lint Getting contents in .gitlab-ci.yml Validating... ✓ CI yml is Legitimate!
Arbitrary API requests
Glab instructions are wrappers round current GitLab API endpoints. Whereas a number of APIs are natively supported, many extra have but to be carried out as instructions. Calling the API immediately could be tedious as a result of it’s important to present your private entry token by manually setting the request headers.
Glab features a utility command to make arbitrary authenticated requests in opposition to the API. The
glab api The command accepts a relative URI to request within the context of your energetic GitLab occasion. The next instance will get the Git tags related to the undertaking with the ID of
$ glab api initiatives/1/repository/tags
The uncooked API response information can be output to your terminal in JSON format.
Set the HTTP technique for the request utilizing the
--method flag. You may present the request physique information with the
$ glab api initiatives/1/repository/tags -X POST --field tag_name=demo --field ref=foremost
You may embody customized request headers by configuring the
Glab helps customized command aliases so you’ll be able to rapidly entry generally used performance.
Create a brand new alias by working the
alias set area:
$ glab alias set points "challenge listing" - Including alias for points: challenge listing ✓ Added alias.
Now you’ll be able to listing the issues in your undertaking by working
$ glab points Displaying 3 open points in ilmiont/ardeidae that match your search (Web page 1) #376 ilmiont/ardeidae#376 Console Enter enable accessing full commonplace enter string about 1 month in the past #374 ilmiont/ardeidae#374 Foundation help development through compound typehints about 11 months in the past #373 ilmiont/ardeidae#373 v3.1.0 unit assessments about 11 months in the past
Listing all of the aliases you’ve got created with
$ glab alias listing ci pipeline ci co mr checkout points challenge listing
Delete an alias by working
alias delete and passing his title:
$ glab alias delete points
Utilizing Glab to handle DevOps
Glab is the official CLI of GitLab. It permits you to handle the complete DevOps course of out of your endpoint. You may create points, assign duties, overview merge requests, activate CI pipelines, and tag releases, with out having to modify between instruments or be taught the GitLab API. This reduces context switching and makes it straightforward to automate your most typical workflows.
Getting access to GitLab information alongside together with your code and Git operations retains you centered on the duty at hand. The CLI can be quicker to make use of than the net consumer interface, when you’re comfy working in a terminal. It is a priceless third interface to your GitLab occasion, along with the UI and API.
Whereas this text has coated the fundamentals of utilizing Glab for frequent duties, there may be additionally rather more you’ll be able to discover. Test the documentation or strive working
glab assist Y
glab <COMMAND> --help to discover all out there capabilities.
Now that Glab is absolutely included as a local GitLab undertaking, additional growth is promised to help further workflows and implement neighborhood requests. You may ship suggestions to GitLab by opening a problem within the undertaking’s repository.
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