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With spring delayed in lots of locations this yr, a lot of the Iris bloom is more likely to be concentrated till June, besides within the south. This would be the case for all Iris varieties besides the Dwarf and Early Intermediate Bearded Irises whose flowers may have handed.

Earlier this month, Iris fanciers can benefit from the lovely blooms of the brand new tall bearded varieties, in addition to the Siberians, which have improved loads lately. These are shortly adopted by the attractive swish flowers of beardless varieties similar to hybrids and spurious southern species. On the finish of June, the imposing Japanese Iris will flip heads in every single place.

transferring iris now

Happily, not a lot cultural exercise is important in the course of the flowering season. This offers Iris’s gardener the chance to benefit from the outcomes of her work and likewise the chance to go to different individuals’s gardens and business plantations. There, you may see the most recent information and choose varieties so as to add to the house assortment. If desired, the crops will be dug up at a nursery whereas they’re in bloom, introduced house, and planted instantly. This may be accomplished with none considerable harm to the plant, though it’s in fact finest to attend till the rhizomes have matured in July earlier than lifting and planting.

minimize flower stems shut up

As quickly because the lilies have completed blooming, whatever the sort, minimize the flower stalk near the bottom, flush with the highest of the rhizome within the case of the bearded lily. This permits extra air and lightweight to penetrate the bush and helps maintain it in wholesome situation. Equally, when chopping Irises for house decor, minimize the stem near the bottom somewhat than chopping sections of the stem close to the highest. The stems can at all times be shortened earlier than fixing.

In June, particularly throughout sizzling, humid durations, watch carefully for proof of rhizome rot, the foul-smelling bacterial decay of the basis, described final month. Function on the rhizome, drastically if obligatory, to take away all of the rotten components after which unfold the wound with sulfur or copper carbonate. If rot has affected a number of rhizomes in a clump, elevate your complete clump and replant solely wholesome rhizomes after permitting them to dry out fully for a number of days.

Any iris borers that went unnoticed in Could may have already penetrated the rhizome and grown into sizable worms. There isn’t any alternative however to dig up and discard the rhizomes thus attacked, in any other case it is vitally probably that the lesion brought on by the borer will rot and trigger worse harm afterward.

Thrips and leaf spot

An occasional dusting of Iris crops with sulfur-rotenone in June will assist stop leaf spot on Bearded Iris and maintain Iris thrips which will harbor on Japanese Iris leaves at bay. Within the latter, thrips, if prevalent, can stop the flowers from opening within the regular method and the attractive flowers will be tremendously deformed because of the insidious actions of this little insect, simply as with Gladiolus.

With all these caveats, I don’t want to create the impression that lilies are sometimes tormented by illness and bugs when, the truth is, they’re remarkably freed from them. Nonetheless, because the outdated saying goes, “an oz of prevention is value a pound of remedy.”

By F. W. Cassebeer

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